China Information

China Information

 

General Introduction

The country is one of breathtaking diversity. The flat grasslands of the central northern plain, which stretches into Mongolia, contrast with the dusty expanse of the desert away to the west. In the south, dizzyingly steep peaks contain some of China's holiest sites, thousands of metres above sea level. Meanwhile the east coast is home to the country's great cities- modern metropolises such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou.

 

Fast Facts

  • Formal name : People's Republic of China (PRC)
  • Capital : Beijing
  • Time Zone : China is 2 hours and 30 minutes ahead of India
  • Head of State : President Hu Jintao elected March 15, 2003.
  • Location : In the east of the Asian continent, on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean.
  • Currency : Renminbi (RMB) / Yuan, 1 RMB =5.75 INR
  • Population : 1,321,851,888
  • Area : 9,596,960 SQ KM.
  • Electricity : 220V
  • Language : Chinese or Mandarin,Yue (Cantonese}, Wu(Shanghaiese), Minnan(Taiwanese)
  • Religion : Buddhism,Taoism,Islam,Christianity
  • Health Overview : Immunization against cholera, Diphtheria and Tetanus, hepatitis A and B, Japanese B Encephalitis, polio, rabies and typhoid is considered essential.
  • Journey time : Delhi-Shanghai 5 hours & 40 min. Shanghai - Beijing 2 hours
  • Climate : China has a marked continental monsoonal climate characterized by great variety. In winter, northerly winds from high latitude areas keep the northern part cold and dry.In summer, monsoons from southern coastal areas bring warm and moisture.

 

Climate

City

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Beijing

-4.6

-2.2

4.5

13.1

19.8

24

25.8

24.4

19.4

12.4

4.1

-2.7

Shanghai

3.2

4.6

8.3

14

18.8

23.3

27.8

27.7

23.6

18

12.3

6.2

Xian

-1

2.1

8.1

14.1

19.1

25.2

26.6

25.5

19.4

13.7

6.6

0.7

Qiangdao

-1.2

0.1

4.5

10.2

15.7

20

23.9

25.1

21.4

15.9

8.8

2

Guangzhou

13.3

14.4

17.9

21.9

25.6

27.2

28.4

28.1

26.9

23.7

19.4

15.2

Guilin

7.9

9.1

13.2

18.4

23

26.2

28.3

27.7

25.6

20.7

15.1

10.2

China is a vast country with wide-ranging climatic conditions, so a decision about the best time to visit should be based on the regions you plan to tour and the kind of weather you enjoy. Normally, the most comfortable season of the year is early autumn (September to early October).

During that period, temperatures are reasonable throughout China (about 50-72F) with a limited amount of rain. September for example is the only month in the year when the ancient and valuable paintings of the Beijing Palace Museum are displayed due to proper climate conditions (low humidity and proper temperature). Spring can also be delightful with the average temperatures roughly the same as in autumn (about 50-72F).

Summer (from June to the end of August) can be extremely hot with temperatures well above 72F, especially in the famous 'four furnaces' of China: Wuhan, Tianjing, Chongqing and Nanchang. Summer is also the rainy season. (Passengers are advised to carry umbrellas, light raincoat and rubber/plastic shoes.)

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