The total land area of this beautiful country is 2040km2. It lies between latitudes 19°58.8' and 20°31.7' south and longitudes 57°18.0' and 57°46.5' east. More than 150 kms of white sandy beaches and lagoons are protected from the open sea by the world's third largest coral reef, which surrounds the island. Some of the uninhabited islands and islets are used as reserves for the protection of the endangered species. The island of Mauritus was created after a volcanic activity some eight million years ago. Broken ring of mountain ranges encircle Mauritius. There is a tropical weather in this country which suits the flora and the fauna upto a great extent. There are only two seasons here.