New Zealand is situated near the centre of the water hemisphere and comprises of two main islands and a number of smaller islands. New Zealand is long and narrow and has a vast coastline. New Zealad’s islands lie between latitudes 29° and 53°S, and longitudes 165° and 179°E. The South Island is considered to be as the largest island of New Zealand and is divided by the Alps. Due to the vast coastline and numerous islands, the country has a vast marine resources. The country has a wide topography and it also emerges above the waves. New Zealand experiences a temperate marine climate that suits all life forms.