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History And Culture

Evidences from history suggest that humans existed in Chep Lap Kok which is now in Hong Kong since 35000 to 39000 years. The land of Hong Kong was then known as the Kingdom of Nanyue which was conquered and ruled by the Qin dynasty for a short while. Later the Han Dynasty conquered this land and as time passed Hong Kong was allocated to the Jiaozhi commanders.  Education was established under the Tang dynasty. The dynasty rule ended in Hong Kong with the Qing Dynasty which was also the last dynasty to rule China. The Qing dynasty was reluctant to trade opium to foreign countries and thus started the First Opium War. The two parties that were involved in this war were the British and the Qing dynasty. The Qing dynasty lost and eventually the British started colonizing these lands.

 It did not take long for the Second Opium War to come along with the dispute between the British and the Qing dynasty. By the end of it, British colonies expanded. Hong Kong became a very vital port for trade and welcomed immigrants from several places.

The development of Hong Kong had started, but it was affected by severe racialism. Hong Kong remained peaceful during the First World War. But in 1937, the Sino-Japanese War broke out leading Japan to establish and further expand its territory in China. During the Second World War, the Japanese army attacked Hong Kong and the British army surrendered the land. This happened on 25th December 1941 and thus that day is known as the “Black Christmas” in Hong Kong. 

The Japanese rule proved to be extremely atrocious to the people of Hong Kong. People died of starvation and inhuman slavery acts. Other atrocious acts like the St. Stephen College Massacre left scares on the history of Hong Kong during the rule of the Japanese. On 30th August 1945, the British overtook control again. Soon in the 1950s, communist rule had started being established in China. Hong Kong flourished under the governance of Sir Murray MacLehose. It is said that he had a key role in establishing Hong Kong as a “Global City”.

In 1984, after negotiations between China and the British governance, it was decided that Hong Kong would become a Special Administrative Region of People’s Republic of China.    

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