The carvings at the Edakkal Caves give the traces of a prehistoric society that existed in Kerala 5000 BC. Kerala had earliest trade relations with major ports across Arabian Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea around 3000 BC; it mostly exported spices to the rest of the world and had some of the most active ports in those days.
The name of the state Kerala (Keralam) comes from the word’ Keralaputra’ which is said to be found on the rock inscriptions left by King Ashoka the great emperor of the Mauryan Empire during his reign in third century BC. Keralaputra existed along with other five independent south Indian realms during the rule of Ashoka. Adi Shankara the propagator of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy was also born in Kerala. Tamil was a common shared language between Tamil Nadu and Kerala till the 14th century, Malayalam was later development.
The contacts with European colonial forces increased after the arrival of Vasco Da Gama in 1948 AD, and then struggle for power between colonial enterprises and native interests began. And soon after Indian independence in the year of 1956 AD the present day Kerala State came into existence, it was made from the Malabar district of Madras state, the previous State of Travancore-Cochi and the Kasaragod taluka from Dakshina Kannada.
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