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Macau being a coastal area had fishermen, boat makers and refuges. Several dynasties ruled Macau, out of which the Qin Dynasty and Ming Dynasty were dominant. In the 16th century, the Portuguese came to Macau with a view to trade. They anchored their ships in Macau and soon got permission to build storage houses in Macau. To increase their stay, the Portuguese started paying heavy rent in form of silver.

Soon, the Chinese started looking at the Portuguese with contempt. In spite of problems, the Portuguese persisted in Macau. By the 1840s, the Portuguese succeeded in making Macau a self-administered land in order to continue efficient trade. The Dutch started making vain attempts to invade Macau and after the Battle of Macau, the Portuguese retaliated to these attacks and maintained their stay in Macau.

After the First Opium War, under the affect of the Sino-Portuguese Treaty of Peking, Macau became a Portuguese administered territory in 1887. During the Second World War, unlike other nations and territories who subdued to the rule of the Japanese, Macau remained neutral. The Japanese intruded on several occasions and also appointed advisors to the Portuguese for military purposes. Macau had to sustain the wrath of the fight between the US and Japan.

After the independence of China, in the wake of Cultural Revolution, riots broke out in Macau. The Portuguese took note of the event and apologized for the same. Later, Macau became “Chinese territory under Portugal administration” and talks about making Macau a special administrative region started. On 20th December 1999, the Portuguese withdrew and Macau was recognized as a “Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China”.

 

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