Eastern Europe is a vast geographical region which holds various cultures and unique histories of its different nations residing in it. It is quite evident that the previously communist countries of Central Europe, the Baltics, and the Balkans have noticeably different political, religious, cultural, and economic histories from their nearby eastern nations. Eastern Europe holds an important position in Europe as a cultural hub, throughout the interiors of this region once can easily identify the Byzantine, Orthodox, and few Turkish-Islamic influences. Eastern European countries were the part of the U.S.S.R.-the United Soviet Socialist Republic that came into existence soon after Vladimir Lenin came to power in the year 1917.
However the U.S.S.R. split under leadership of General Mikhail Gorbachev in December of 1991. In the aftermath of this division many of these countries became independent republics and began developing their economies while being the part of the European Union. It is often believed that the current boundaries of Eastern Europe manifested during the end stages of the second World War.
Countries which had communist governments in the postwar period and some neutral nations were distinguished by the nature of their political inclination. The Cold War emerged as major reason for the division of Europe into two different parts along the borders of NATO and Warsaw Pact nations
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