Located in southern Europe, Greece forms an irregular-shaped peninsula in the Mediterranean with two additional large peninsulas projecting from it: the Chalcidice and the Peloponnese.
The Greek islands are generally subdivided into two groups, according to location: the Ionian Islands west of the mainland and the Aegean islands to the east and south. North-central Greece, Epirus, and western Macedonia are all mountainous.
The main chain of the Pindus Mountains extends from northwest Greece to the Peloponnese. Mount Olympus, rising to 9,570 ft (2,909 m), is the highest point in the country.
Mainland Greece is a mountainous land almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. Greece has more than 1400 islands. The country has mild winters and long, hot and dry summers.
Greece is a land of mountains. They begin in the north-west of the country, and run south-east until they slip beneath the waves of the sea; their peaks periodically breaking the surface to form the thousands of islands for which the Greek waters are renowned.
These mountains divide the mainland into a series of small habitable valleys and plains, determining the distribution of villages and towns across the landscape and shaping rainfall patterns and road networks.
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