Spreaded over an area of upto 55,673 km2 and surrounded by Jammu and Kashmir in the north,Himachal Pradesh is one of the very beautiful mountainous regions in India. Himachal Pradesh is 450-6800 metres above the sea level and the region extends till the Shivalik Ranges. Shilla which is at 7026 metres is considered to be as the highest mountain peak of Himachal Pradesh. The Shivalik Ranges here consists mainly of the lower hills. There are a number of glaciers that exist here and a number of passes along the Pir-Panjal ranges. One of the famous pass is the Rohtang Pass. Zaskar and the great Himalayan ranges are home to many of the glaciers. As famous as it is for the mountains, Himachal Pradesh also boasts of its flaura. There is wildlife here and the state is covered by 38% of forests. Out of the 49 cities and towns, Naina Devi is the smallest town while Shimla is the largest. While the major population of Himachal Pradesh resides in the rural areas.
Altitude plays a key role in determining the climatic conditions. Post october, the nights and mornings are unbearably cold. There is plenty of snowfall as well that takes place here. Dharamshala receives the highest rainfall here.
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