Uttaranchal which is now known as “Uttarakhand” lies in the Northern part of India. It is also referred to as “devbhumi” because of the number of temples and pilgrimage centres. Uttarakhand is known for its pure naturalistic beauty comprising of the Himalayas,Bhabar and Terai. The state is divided into two divisions namely Garhwal and Kumaon. Dehradun is the largest city in this region. Uttarakhand is the 19th most populous state in the country, a major chunk of Brahmins and Rajputs live here. The char chota dham, a pilgrimage for the Hindus, also exists here. Jim Corbett National Park is also situated here. The very famous Valley of Flowers also lies in the lap of Uttaranchal. Lying in the southern slope of the Himalayan Range, the climate and the vegetation here varies according to the elevation. Though ice covers the highest elevation here. Ganga and Yamuna which are considered to be the largest rivers, originate from here. There are coniferous forests here as well. The flora and fauna of Uttaranchal is of due notice and cannot go unnoticed. The climate of Uttarakhand varies depending upon the region and the terrain. Summers are quite pleasant here while winters can be too harsh.
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