The beginnings of development in Europe can be followed to extremely old circumstances, yet they are not as old as the civic establishments of Mesopotamia and Egypt. The Roman and Greek societies thrived in Europe, and European human advancement dialect, innovation, political ideas, and the Christian religion have been spread all through the world by European pilgrims and outsiders.
All through history, Europe has been the scene of numerous awesome and ruinous wars that have attacked both provincial and urban zones. Once grasped by huge and ground-breaking realms and kingdoms, fruitful nationalistic uprisings partitioned the landmass into numerous sovereign states. The political fracture prompted financial rivalry and political struggle among the states.
The European Anthem is "Ode to Joy", and states celebrate peace and unity on Europe Day.
"Europe" as a cultural concept is substantially derived from the shared heritage of the Roman Empire and its culture. The boundaries of Europe were historically understood as those of Christendom as established or defended throughout the medieval and early modern history of Europe, especially against Islam, as in the Reconquista and the Ottoman wars in Europe.
This shared cultural heritage is combined by overlapping indigenous national cultures and folklores, roughly divided into Slavic, Latin (Romance) and Germanic, but with several components not part of either of these group (notably Greek and Celtic). Cultural contact and mixtures characterise much of European regional cultures; Kaplan describes Europe as "embracing maximum cultural diversity at minimal geographical distances".
Historically, religion in Europe has been a major influence on European art, culture, philosophy and law.
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