The first inhabitants of Bali are Austronesia peoples who came in 2000 BC. They came from Taiwan through the South China Sea. Thus these people are closer to the people of the Philippines, Oceania and Indonesian Archipelago in terms of linguistic and culture.
The historical curios dated from this time are stone tools found not very far from Cekik town at the western piece of the island. There are nine Hindu orders in the old Bali and each one has its very own Godhead, specifically Ganapatya, Resi, Brahma, Sora, Waisnawa, Siwa Sidharta, Bodha, Bhairawa and Pasupata.
The popular image of Bali as “an enchanted land of aesthetes at peace with themselves and nature” was first made in the 1930s. Crafted by musicologist Colin McPhee, the craftsmen Walter Spies and Miguel Covarrubias, and the anthropologists Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead, worked together to assemble the picture which further built up the first western tourism on Bali.
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