The history of Italy goes back to 500 BC. People from various origins had inhibited the land that is called Italy. The Greek made colonies in the south, the Gauls made colonies in the colonies in the northern mountains and the Etruscans were located centrally.
It is believed that Rome was founded on April 21, 753 BC. Mythological stories are attached to this, but by the end of 509 BC, around seven kings had ruled Rome.
Since 380 AD, Christianity spread in Italy. Rome had fallen and all the colonies of the Roman Empire had to face the Repercussions of the same. It took a long time for Italy to flourish again and it was not until the 14th century when other states like Florence, Milan, Venice and Pisa developed trading activities and the focus shifted from Rome. Again, Rome faced problems as the the trade routes from the Mediterranean moved.
This is when the French leader Napoleon backed the movement of Giuseppe Garibaldi which led to the complete fall of Rome and Italy emerged unified than ever before. Soon after the First World War, Benito Mussolini started a campaign to unify and strengthen Italy and its economy.
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