Scandinavia was covered by an ice sheet around 10.000 BC. As the ice pushed the land down, it is still rising from the sea, at a rate near 1 cm a year. While the north Germanic
Scandinavia has a very vivid and mythological history. It goes to back to the 10000 BC back when these lands were covered in snow. The initial civilization that lived here were the Germanic tribes. Later the Finns and the Sami tribes migrated here. The Nordic lords or the Vikings entered the Scandinavian land while invading various European lands in 700 AD. This step led to the spread of the Norse Mythology in Scandinavia and it continued till 1000 AD. The gradual spread of Christianity started in Scandinavia in this time. This was when small Germanic kingdoms united under three main kingdoms. These were Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Thus in the year 1387, these three kingdoms joined the Kalmar Union. Later in 1523, Sweden left this Union. This lead to an aftermath in the form of 11 wars being fought between Sweden and Denmark in the following years. Later in the 19th century the unity between the Scandinavian countries was reinstated.Many kingdoms of Norway were ceded to Sweden under various treaties. Scandinavian countries faced many wars but that did not let these countries grown apart in terms culture and politics.
During the Second World War, Germany invaded Norway and Denmark. Denmark surrendered within the span of two hours of the invasion, but Norway remained steadfast in spite of its weak military forces and not so strong allies. The governments of both these nations were did not abide by the genocides performed by the Germans and thus helped many Jews to find refuge in the Scandinavian countries.
After the Second World War, Denmark and Norway resorted to the join the European Economic Community; Sweden chose not to. Today none of the Scandinavian countries is a part of the European Union.
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