Uttranchal, now known as Uttarakhand has a major cultural distinction between Garwhali and Kumaoni districts. Throughout its history many dynasties have ruled over these heavenly lands. The mention of Uttaranchal can be found in the ancient Hindu scriptures such as Kedarkhand, Manakhand and Himavat. The Kushanas, Kudinas, Kanishka, Samudra, Gupta, the Pauravas, Katuris, Palas, the Chandras and Pawaras and the British have ruled in turns. It was in the 18th century the Nepalese Gurkha tribes marched over Kumaon and then at Garwhal, forcing the British to interfere. Uttrakhand holds the most important shrines and temples of Hindu religious faith. The hilly regions of Uttaranchal offer splendid natural landscapes to the tourists and pilgrims. The present day state of Uttaranchal was previously an important part of the United Province of Agra and Awadh, which came into existence in 1902. Later the name of the state was United Province. However in January 1950 this United Province was given the name of Uttar Pradesh. Post independence Uttranchal was the part of Uttar Pradesh, it was almost 16 years back in the year 2000, after a movement of separation it came into existence as a separate state and in 2007 the state got its official name of Uttarakhand.
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