Jammu & Kashmir, the charming state endowed with stunning natural beauty is regarded as the “Crown of India” as well as the “Heart of Asia”. It shares international boundary on three sides with Pakistan, China, and Afghanistan. It is bordered by Himachal Pradesh and Punjab on the south. Geographically and culturally, this northern most state is divided in to three different regions. In the south, the mountainous plains of Jammu stretch out while the northern has the tall desert region of Ladakh in the north. And in the centre, like a dazzling jewel in the crown, is the verdant valley of Kashmir.
The state comprises Jammu which is in the plains, the valley of Kashmir, the capital of which is Srinagar situated at a height of 1768m in the Himalayan region, and Ladakh with its headquarters at Leh (3521m) situated on a high plateau north of the Himalayan.
Kashmir is one of the most beautiful regions of India. It is known as the land of eternal beauty and stands on the Dal Lake and the Jhelum River. The peasant climate of the valley is due to its high mean average altitude approx 1800m above sea level. It has been described as a paradise on earth.
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