Archaeological evidences suggest that back during the previous ages Finland was covered by the sheet of ice in the Ice Age. The earliest people of Finland were hunters and stone gatherers. In the early age, the Swedish kings had started dominating Finland and Swedish language became the most prominent language while Finnish was considered to be as the language to be spoken by the peasantry and other chief locals there. The Finns had started converting into Lutheranism during the Protestant Reformation. Mikeal Agricola published his first written work in Finnish in the 16th century. The first university in Finland was established in the year 1640. 1696-1697 was the time when Finland had suffered severe famine leading to the death of one third of the Finnish population. In the 18th century there was a war between Sweden and Russia which in return led to the occupation of Finland by the Russian forces which are now known as the Greater Wrath and the Lesser Wrath. Until the twentieth century there was no independent movement in Finland. Until the end of 1917, Finland became an autonomous Grand Duchy in the Russian Empire. From 1860 there was a strong Fennoman movement that had started growing. The February Revolution had started making people question the position of Finland as part of the Russian empire while the October Revolution seemed to have changed the entire thing. In 1919 Finland became a presidential republic. During the World War II, Finland had taken part in the Soviet Union twice. There was also a cold war that was taken place in Finland.
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