Kashmir Sultanate (From 1346 to 1586)
The Mughals (1589-1857)
1947 at time of independent
Jammu & Kashmir state is always been consisted of four political regions. As ladakh towards the east bordering China, Jammu to the south bordering few states like Punjab, Himanchal Pradesh and Pakistan too. The well known Kashmir valley on the west which borders the Kashmir under Pakistan admisnistration. The Baltistan region to the North bordering Xinjiang and Gilgit Baltistan.
Baltistan and a region of Kashmir are under the power of Pakistan Government. Aksai Chin which was claimed by Indian Government as a part of Ladakh, is under the control of The Government of China. Line of Control (LOC) is maintained to divide the regions controlled by Pakistan and Indian.
Major political parties comprise of the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (NC), the Indian National Congress (Congress), Bharatiya Janata Party and the Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party (PDP). At present, PDP with 28 seats is the 1st largest and Bharatiya Janata Party BJP with 25 seats is the second largest party in 2014 election in the 87-member house.
The Economy of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is largely dependent on agriculture and associated activities. The largest Kashmir valley is famous for its sericulture and cold-water fisheries. Kashmir Wood is used to make supreme quality cricket bats, well known as Kashmir Willow. Not to forget saffron is very famous and found to be of very good quality which helps the state with a good amount of foreign exchange. Other agricultural exports from Jammu and Kashmir that includes in huge quantity like apples, cherries, oranges, peaches, pears, walnut, sorghum, vegetables, and wheat, barley, corn, millet , rice and many more, while manufactured exports include handicrafts, rugs, and shawls which is beautiful and unique.
High grade deposits of Sapphire are found in the Doda district. However, Jammu is still at a developing stage for manufacturing and service. At this stage many companies of consumer products have opened manufacturing units in this region. The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) have acknowledged numerous industrial sectors that can invite investment to the state, and actually with the help of the unions and the state government setting up few industrial parks and unique economic zones. During the financial year 2005–06, exporting business from the state grew upto 11.5 billion (US$180 million). However, industrial development faces major limitation like great mountainous landscape and power shortage frequently.
· The famous singer and an actor Kl Saigal.
· Om Prakash the Character actor
· Vidhu Vinod Chopra the well known filmmaker of Bollywood Industry.
· Padma Sachdev the famed poet, novelist.
Music & Dance
The local people of Kashmir have a variety of musical knowledge in composition and its unique and melodious.
In Jammu & Kashmir, Chakri is one of the mainly admired traditional music that is played, it is played with musical instruments like the harmonium, the sarangi the rubab, the chimta, the geger and the nout. Both the Hindus and the Muslims perform in folk and religious places. Chakri is also used for story telling like fairy tales or famous love stories such as Yousuf-Zulaikha, Laila-Majnun, and many more to name. Chakri ends with the dance form called the rouf, even though being a dance form, few ending notes of Chakri that are played in a different way. It is a very significant part of the Henna Night during weddings.
Sufiana Kalam (Kashmiri classical)
The classical music of Kashmir is known as Sufiana Kalam, which uses its own ragas also known as maqam, and is goes along with many other musical instruments. Sufiana Kalam is always so famed in Kashmir since inwarding from Iran during the 15th century and has been the music of choice for Kashmiri Sufi mystics.
The unique thing about a Ladakh marriage is the performance of lengthy narratives performed singers in unusual costumes. Few well known dances in Ladakh which has its own meaning to it that includes the Khatok Chenmo that is lead by an upper-class family member only, the one known as Kompa Tsum-tsak which means three succeeding steps, Jabro is the dance steps that comes from western Ladakh, Chaams the holy dance by lamas, Chabs-Skyan Tses is the dance performed by carrying a pot on head, Raldi Tses is the swordsmanship dance .
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