Maharashtra is known as land of saints, educationists and revolutionists, notable among them being Mahadev Govind Ranade, Swatantraveer Savarkar, Savitribai Phule, Balgangadhar Tilak and many others. It has long history of Marathi saints of Varakari religious movement which includes saints like Dnyaneshwar, Namdev, Chokhamela, Eknath, and Tukaram which forms the one of base of culture of Maharashtra or Marathi culture. Maharashtra is also known for its purogami culture which translates as reformist or forward culture which was started by earlier saints and led byPhule-Shahu-Ambedkar in modern times. Maharashtra has huge influence of 17th century King Shivaji of Maratha Empire and his concept of Hindavi Swarajya which means self-rule of people. Maharashtra is multi-cultural state which includes culture related to Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs,Christians etc. Lord Ganesha and Lord Vitthal are the traditional deities worshiped by Hindus of Maharashtra.
Maharashtra has various sub-regions like Marathwada, Vidarbha, Khandesh, Konkan and each region has its own cultural identity in the form of different accents of Marathi language, folk songs, food, ethnicity.
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