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Lisbon the capital of the country is one of the oldest cities in the country as it was found some 400 years back. Portugal was then known as Lusitania, when in the 140 BC, Romans arrived in this land. With the arrival of the Romans, agricultural techniques, mining and production of sweet wine also accompanied. The Romans also brought foreign languages to the country.

In the middle ages, the Roman reign over Lusitania came to an end and then the Visigoths from Germany arrived in this land. They brought the Christian religion to the country. Followed by the Arabic, Portugal was ruled over and faced invasion for some 800 years. Then after the Peninsular Reconquista, Portugal was separated from Spain and got independence in 1279.

Soon, Portugal started to develop as a country and served as a home to various explorers like Vasco da Gama who explored India, eventually Portuguese established colonies across the globe. They had deep impact in countries like Brazil and Africa. But in the year 1578, when King Sebastian died in a war in Africa, the decline of the Portuguese rule started. The Portuguese brilliantly fended off their rivals Spain and restored their powers.

In the year 1933, António Oliveira de Salazar arrived at a political substantial position in Portugal. Soon, he became a dictator. He believed in the motto of being proudly alone. This saved the country from entering the war and risking its safety and security. In the year 1974, Salazar’s rule came to an end and the Carnation Revolution took place. After this, in the year 1975, first elections took place in Portugal and the country became a democratic one.

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