Geography in Florence

Florence was founded as a military colony to control the north-south crossing of the Arno River through passes in the Appenine Range. Forming a part of the stunning Tuscan countryside, the city is situated 280 kms away from Rome and is surrounded by hills dotted with orchards, vineyards and farmhouses – this is the reason why local produce is immense and utterly fresh. The general elevation of the city is 50 meters and covers an area of over 100 square kms. The Mediterranean Sea and Ionian Sea lie to the south of Florence, the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west and the Adriatic Sea lies to the east. Even though the hills protected the city, walls were built during the early 14th century, most of which are now destroyed but clearly visible in some stretches. Florence expanded beyond its historic centre on the peripheries in the 20th century. 

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