Geography in Iceland

The volcanic island Iceland is located on the North Atlantic Ocean. It is 300kms east to Greenland and 900 kms west to Norway. It is almost the same size of Hungary and Portugal. It is the 2nd largest island in Europe after the Great Britain and 18th largest island in the world. Over 10% of Iceland’s territory is covered with glaciers. The country’s nature features geysers, natural hot springs, lava fields and more sure its volcanic origin. With eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010 and the Grimsvötn eruption in 2011, Iceland made some international headlines in recent years. The most recent volcanic ejection was in Holuhraun from August 2014 to February 2015. The ejection created a magma field of more than 85 km2 (33 sq mi) and 1.4 km3 (0.34 cu mi) – the biggest in Iceland since 178.

The climate of Iceland is subpolar oceanic stating cold winters and cool summers. The climate is additionally influenced by the East Greenland polar current bending south-eastwards round the north and east drifts. The normal summer temperature in Reykjavik is 10.6°C/51°F in July, with normal highs of 24.3°C/76°F. The normal winter temperature in Reykjavik is like New York City's, about 0°C/32°F in January (normal highs are 9.9°C/50°C). The climate can be truly capricious and regularly changes in a moment.

Iceland has a population of 320,000, of which 66% live in the capital Reykjavík and its metropolitan territory. The official dialect is Icelandic, which is identified with other Scandinavian dialects, for example, Danish and Swedish, yet English is generally talked and comprehended. Iceland's population is youthful, with near 40% younger than 18. Iceland likewise brags one the most astounding fertility rates in Europe, guaranteeing the nation a consistent population development as the years progressed.

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