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History And Culture Of Mauritius

We are not makers of history, we are made by history. Let's explore it!

While Arab mariners found the uninhabited woods island of Mauritius during the ninth century, and then by the Portuguese in 1505, it was the Dutch who initially started to colonize the island, taking belonging in 1598 and naming it Mauritius after Mauritz de Nassau, the Prince of Holland. 

The Dutch setup sugar cane estates, imported Madagascan slave laborers, chased the dodo to termination, logged the black ebony trees to close eradication, and presented various outside animals including pigs and Java deer, which got away and proceeded to build up expansive feral population. They started moving to South Africa in 1710 because of an absence of food sources and exhaustion of exploitable natural resources. At some point during the late sixteenth or early mid-seventeenth century, Portuguese mariners introduced rats and macaques with Mauritius which, finding no natural predators, flourished and expanded in population. 

The French picked up ownership of Mauritius and started settling in 1713, re-naming tourist spots and changed the island's name to Ile de France. The principle camp was Port Louis at the site of the present capital. The French brought slaves and made coffee, cotton, indigo, and sugarcane plantations during the period of development and prosperity for the free individuals of Mauritius.

French rule was tested by the British who, after an unsuccessful endeavor, figured out how to conquer the island in 1810, renaming it Mauritius. Under the British crown, servitude was canceled in 1835 so, all things considered the vast majority of the slaves moved to seaside towns and far from the plantations. Indian obligated workers were imported to proceed with work in the plantations of a flourishing sugar-cane industry. 

Mauritius gained freedom in 1968, as a piece of the Commonwealth, moving to a republic in 1992 and is presently one of Africa's most democratic, prosperous and stable countries.

Culture:

Regardless of being a secular nation, most Mauritians recognize religion to be a noteworthy piece of their personality. The most popular religion is Hinduism, trailed by Christianity, and after that Islam. A little minority pursue Buddhism. Numerous public occasions are attributed to religious celebrations, for example, Eid, Diwali, Christmas, and Chinese New Year. This wonderful mix of societies and religious beliefs is reflected in the cuisine of the island. 

Mauritius has its very own one of a kind music called Séga. It is viewed as the national music of Mauritius, and isn't appropriated by a specific ethnicity or social gathering, and is adored by all. It is a rythemic, enthusiastic music which began from the African slaves, as an approach to dissipate their trouble and misery, and is quite often sung in creole.

There are just 3 instruments utilized in making the music: the ravanne, the maravanne, and the triangle. The ravanne is a tambourine-like instrument, utilized for drum-beats. It is made out of goat skin. The maravanne is a rattle, and the triangle is a bit of metal pole that has been molded into a triangle. 

Curiously, the dance that accompanies the music is additionally called Séga. The primary developments consists of shuffling the feet and swinging the hips, simultaneously, which is a fine art no one but few can really ace. The "Seggae" is another kind of Mauritian music that has turned out to be exceptionally famous on the island, and is a combination of reggae, Séga, and Indian beats.

 

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