History & Culture in Rome

It was around 8th century B.C. that Rome expanded from a small town on Italy’s Tiber River into a vast empire that included most of continental Europe, Britain, parts of West Asia, North Africa and even Mediterranean islands. Its influence can be seen in the evolution of languages such as Italian and Portuguese from Latin, the emergence of the alphabet and the Roman calendar as well as the spread of Christianity as a major religion across the world. If the ancient legend is to be believed, Rome was founded by twin sons of Mars (the God of War) Romulus and Remus. They were left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby kingdom and rescued by a she-wolf. The twin brothers grew up to not only defeat that king but also found their own city on Tiber’s banks. Romulus became the first king of Rome after killing his brother, thus the name ‘Rome’ named after him. 

Now a modern city, Rome still revels in its past where the old and the new coexist peacefully. The ancient monuments like the Colosseum are just a few steps away from modern buildings. Food is an integral part of Rome’s culture with rich flavors being served by family-run pizzerias and trattorias. Roman dishes are replete with fresh vegetables, meats, pasta and cheese. During Easter and Christmas holidays, the people of Rome go to St. Peter’s Square to seek blessings from the Pope. Churches have live music and enactments of the nativity scenes. Thousands of tourists attend the midnight mass at Vatican City.

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