Iceland Travel Guide

Central Europe

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History And Culture Of Iceland

We are not makers of history, we are made by history. Let's explore it!

The principal individuals known to have occupied Iceland were Irish priests or hermits who came in the eighth century, yet left with the arrival of the agnostic Norsemen, who deliberately settled Iceland in the period 870 - 930 A.D. Iceland was therefore the last European nation to be settled. 

The fundamental source of data about the settlement time frame in Iceland is the Landnámabók (Book of Settlements), written in the twelfth century, which gives a point by point record of the main pioneers. As indicated by this book Ingólfur Arnarson was the main pilgrim. He was a chieftain from Norway, landing in Iceland with his family and wards in 874. He manufactured his ranch in Reykjavík, the site of the present capital.                                                                                                          During the following 60 years or so, viking pioneers from Scandinavia, carrying some Celtic individuals with them, spread their properties over the livable regions. In the year 930, toward the finish of the Settlement time frame, a sacred law code was acknowledged and Alþingi set up. The legal intensity of Alþingi was distributed between four nearby courts and a kind of a Supreme Court held every year at the national get together at Þingvellir. 

In the year 1000 Christianity was calmly received by the Icelanders at Alþingi, which met for about fourteen days every summer, pulling in an extensiv