Iceland Travel Guide

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Introducing Iceland

The land of fire and ice, Iceland is one of world’s top destinations for thrill seekers as well as nature lovers looking for something unique. The destination is growing popular as a tourist destination day by day. Isolated from the rest of Europe, the destination features a unique cultural heritage of literature, music and cuisine that anyone would find captivating. Get a chance to discover active volcanoes, geysers, hot springs, ice fields, glaciers and fjords. The destination offers a travel experience unlike any other place on earth like the Northern Lights in the winter and the midnight sun in summer. Take off to this destination full of wonders as Iceland shines in any season and offers an experience like never before.

 

Must Know Facts

Best Time to Visit

Honestly the best time to visit Iceland depends on what one actually wants to experience. Iceland is a magical destination and it has something for everyone in all its seasons. You need to decide what are you looking to spot like Northern lights, capturing waterfalls at their best, puffins in Iceland or the magical midnight sun.                    To experience midnight sun, summer is the best time to visit the destination. The activity doesn’t happen at any time of the year. During summers you will get to see daylight for 24 hours straight. Summer is also a good time to witness 100% greenery everywhere around April/May and September/October. To experience northern lights for many hours, winter is the best time to explore this destination. One can also witness northern lights in the season of fall as the weather is warmer comparatively and the crowd is also less, but you won’t get to see northern lights for long like in winters. In winter you can also experience snow all around which is transforms Iceland into a whole new picture. 
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History & Culture

The principal individuals known to have occupied Iceland were Irish priests or hermits who came in the eighth century, yet left with the arrival of the agnostic Norsemen, who deliberately settled Iceland in the period 870 - 930 A.D. Iceland was therefore the last European nation to be settled. 

The fundamental source of data about the settlement time frame in Iceland is the Landnámabók (Book of Settlements), written in the twelfth century, which gives a point by point record of the main pioneers. As indicated by this book Ingólfur Arnarson was the main pilgrim. He was a chieftain from Norway, landing in Iceland with his family and wards in 874. He manufactured his ranch in Reykjavík, the site of the present capital.                                                                                                          During the following 60 years or so, viking pioneers from Scandinavia, carrying some Celtic individuals with them, spread their properties over the livable regions. In the year 930, toward the finish of the Settlement time frame, a sacred law code was acknowledged and Alþingi set up. The legal intensity of Alþingi was distributed between four nearby courts and a kind of a Supreme Court held every year at the national get together at Þingvellir. 

In the year 1000 Christianity was calmly received by the Icelanders at Alþingi, which met for about fourteen days every summer, pulling in an extensive extent of the population. The principal ward was built up at Skálholt in South Iceland in 1056, and a second at Hólar in the north in 1106. Both turned into the nation's principle focuses of learning. 

In the late tenth century Greenland was found and colonized by Icelanders under the administration of Eirik the Red, and around the year 1000 Icelanders were the primary Europeans to set foot on the American mainland, 500 years previously Columbus, despite the fact that their endeavors to settle in the New World failed.
In 1262-64 inward quarrels, adding up to a common war, prompted accommodation to the King of Norway and another monarchical code in 1271. Whenever Norway and Denmark shaped the Kalmar Union in 1397, Iceland fell under the sway of the King of Denmark. In 1874, when Iceland praised the millenium of the main settlement, it got a constitution from the Danish ruler and control of its own funds.
 
In 1904 Iceland got home principle lastly in 1918 sway, however was joined with Denmark under the Danish crown. In 1940 Iceland was possessed by British powers, which were supplanted in 1941 by American troops by unique understanding between the Icelandic and American governments. At last, on 17 June 1944, the nation picked up freedom and the Republic of Iceland was formally broadcasted at Þingvellir.

Iceland's fluctuated and rich social streams come from the nation's initial scholarly legacy and hold onto conventional artworks, for example, silver smithing, weaving, and wood cutting, and people melodies and customary move. The Viking legacy is a wellspring of extraordinary pride, with Viking customs, mores, and convictions inseparably woven into present day culture. 

Indeed, even the Christmas festivities in this Christian nation include dull society customs far expelled from the West's carefree Santa Claus, a late landing here. Art, music, and the iconic literature of the nation and its people groups are a coupling culture here, and conventional music still twists, regularly dependent on religious connections. The epic Norse rhyming ditties follow back to Skaldic verse and, with their shape renewed in the mid twentieth century, are still much-cherished today. Scene verse delineates the interesting excellence of Iceland's geology and a large number of the most-adored lyrics go back relatively unaltered to the old Icelandic adventures.


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Geography

The volcanic island Iceland is located on the North Atlantic Ocean. It is 300kms east to Greenland and 900 kms west to Norway. It is almost the same size of Hungary and Portugal. It is the 2nd largest island in Europe after the Great Britain and 18th largest island in the world. Over 10% of Iceland’s territory is covered with glaciers. The country’s nature features geysers, natural hot springs, lava fields and more sure its volcanic origin. With eruption of Eyjafjallajökull volcano in 2010 and the Grimsvötn eruption in 2011, Iceland made some international headlines in recent years. The most recent volcanic ejection was in Holuhraun from August 2014 to February 2015. The ejection created a magma field of more than 85 km2 (33 sq mi) and 1.4 km3 (0.34 cu mi) – the biggest in Iceland since 178.                                  The climate of Iceland is subpolar oceanic stating cold winters and cool summers. The climate is additionally influenced by the East Greenland polar current bending south-eastwards round the north and east drifts. The normal summer temperature in Reykjavik is 10.6°C/51°F in July, with normal highs of 24.3°C/76°F. The normal winter temperature in Reykjavik is like New York City's, about 0°C/32°F in January (normal highs are 9.9°C/50°C). The climate can be truly capricious and regularly changes in a moment.

Iceland has a population of 320,000, of which 66% live in the capital Reykjavík and its metropolitan territory. The official dialect is Icelandic, which is identified with other Scandinavian dialects, for example, Danish and Swedish, yet English is generally talked and comprehended. Iceland's population is youthful, with near 40% younger than 18. Iceland likewise brags one the most astounding fertility rates in Europe, guaranteeing the nation a consistent population development as the years progressed.

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Things to Do in Iceland

Set off in search of minke whales, humpbacks and more onthis whale-watching cruise from Reykjavik. Pull on a pair of provided coverallsand then stay on the lookout for harbor porpoises, white-beaked dolphins andwhales as you cut through the still waters of Faxaflói Bay. Throughout yourcruise, listen to the knowledgeable guide’s insightful commentary, and haveyour camera ready to capture Reykjavik’s native marine life in the wild. Choosefrom a 3.5-hour cruise or an express 2.5-hour high-speed boat version — perfectif you’re short on time. Please note that the 3-3.5 hour cruise sails at 9:00,13:00 and 17:00. The 2-2.5 hour cruise sails at 10:00, 14:00 and 21:00. Pleasenote that the departure times depend on time of year.

Choose from a leisurely 3.5-hour cruise or an express2.5-hour high-speed boat version, and then make your own way to Reykjavik’s OldHarbor, where you’ll board your luxurious, whale-watching boat.

 

Find a comfortable spot on deck and pull on a pair ofprovided coveralls to keep you warm. Remember to also bring a hat, scarf andgloves with you to keep you extra toasty. Then, listen as your guide explainswhat species of marine life you can expect to see, and hear interesting factsand old sea stories about these magnificent mammals.

As your boat slips away from the harbor, scan the water forporpoises, white-beaked dolphins, minke whales and humpbacks whales. Make sureyou have your camera ready — with up to 90% whale-spotting success, thisFaxaflói Bay cruise provides a fantastic chance to see whales. In the unlikelyevent that you don’t spot a whale, you will receive a complimentary ticket foranother boat ride.

If you feel cold during your cruise, warm yourself up insidethe cozy viewing area, where coffee, tea, hot chocolate and light refreshments(own expense) are available.

After 2.5 or 3.5 hours, your experience ends with a drop-offback at your hotel (if booked directly with the supplier)


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The best time to go on a whale watching tour in Iceland is during summers, however most of the whales stay in the Icelandic water throughout the year. Go on a scheduled whale watching tours from Reykjavik and in North Iceland and treat your eyes with some magnificent whales. Nature and wildlife lovers,would surely not mind going on this Whale Watching Tour. 
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Blue Lagoon Geo Thermal Spa in Iceland gives you an opportunity to discover the waters of Blue Lagoon wherein you harmonize with nature. You need to pre-book your appointment and choose the spa type from the couple of options that are available. You can also head to their specially curated restaurant which is a treat for everyone.
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Northern Lights is one of the most splendid natural phenomenon which a tourist would love to tick off from their bucket list. Head on a tour to visit the Northern Lights which can be best viewed after Equinox in September.Reykjavik is one of the most popular place to witness these lights.
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Make yourself a part of the many glacier hiking and ice-caving adventure tours that are carried out in Iceland. There are multi-day tours which would test your hiking skills during Glacier Hiking, so you are advised to choose the hiking plan as per your energy whereas Ice Caving is a totally difference experience altogether.
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Black Sand Beaches are majorly found on the South Coast of the country and is one of the prettiest beaches you would ever find in any part of the world. The Black sand beaches were created by the lava flowing from the ocean which had cooled down after it instantly touched the water.
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A country of many amazing waterfalls, each better than the other, it would be very much unfair to leave any waterfall on your trip to Iceland. Keeping that in mind, chase down all the waterfalls that Iceland boast of, and make your Waterfall Tours in Iceland a memorable affair.
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Packages & Recommendations

Tour Name
Trip Type
Month/Validity
Included Cities
Price Per Adult

Scenic Iceland - Self Drive

11 Nights / 12 Days
Trip Type
Self Drive Tour
Flight Not Included
Month/Validity
  • Nov
  • Dec
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
Included Cities
Keflavik (1N), Vik I Myrdal (2N), Eglistadir (1N), Akyureri (2N), Frammes (1N), Reykholt
... Keflavik (1N), Vik I Myrdal (2N), Eglistadir (1N), Akyureri (2N), Frammes (1N), Reykholt (1N), Fludir (1N), Reykjavik (2N)
Price Per Adult
₹ 1,10,240
Onwards

Scenic Iceland - SIC

7 Nights / 8 Days
Trip Type
Private Van Tour
Flight Not Included
Month/Validity
  • Nov
  • Dec
  • Jan
  • Feb
  • Mar
  • Apr
  • May
  • Jun
  • Jul
  • Aug
  • Sep
Included Cities
Reykjavik (7N)
... Reykjavik (7N)
Price Per Adult
Price On Request
Onwards

Recent Iceland Articles