History & Culture in Jaisalmer
The History of Jaisalmer has its very own appeal. Like every single other city of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer too has its own magnificent past to gloat about. The city is supposed to be established by one Raja Rawal Jaisal, a Bhatti Rajput ruler, in around 11d56 A D. Legends pass by that he did it on the solicitation of a neighborhood loner named Eesaal. The raja pick Trikut slope as the new site for his fortification. This was on the grounds that he believed that his past homestead at Luderwa (16 km from present Jaisalmer) was helpless towards conceivable adversary attack.
In medieval occasions, Jaisalmer kept on being on the focal point of the majority due to its area. It falls in the method of one of the two courses, which associated India from Persia, Egypt, Africa and the west. The Bhatti Rajput rulers were still in line. They were the sole gatekeeper of the city and in this manner assembled enough riches through charges collected on the passing bands, of which there was no shortage.
For a long time Jaisalmer stayed out of bound from the remote rulers incompletely on account of its area and somewhat as a result of its help. In the mid Thirteenth century, Ala-ud-noise Khilji, the Turk-Afghan leader of Delhi laid the attack over the city. He was evidently angry with the Bhatti Rajput rulers since they halted and plundered one of his trains containing imperial coffer which was headed to Sind. The attack went on for around 9 long years and when the fall appeared to be famous the Rajput womenfolk of the city submitted Jauhar (self Immolation to maintain a strategic distance from disrespect).
It is said that Duda, the child of Raja Jaisimha, took on fervently in the conflict yet was overwhelmed after the wild hand to hand battle. He kicked the bucket battling. His relatives kept on administering the city. Despite the fact that they had an agreeable connection with the Mughal rulers in Delhi, they battled ineffectively with Emperor Humayun. Head Shah Jahan gave the privilege of administration to Sabala Simha, who had the regal support and had demonstrated astounding valor to win the Battle of Peshawar.
In the cutting edge period, Jaisalmer was as yet an extreme nut to separate and was the last among the Rajputana royals to sign the 'Instrument of Agreement' with the British foundation. Indeed, even that was accomplished after extended periods on the arrangement table and after much coaxing from the British foundation in India. In the year 1947, royals consented to the arrangement to stay in simply free India. From that point forward it has formed itself into a significant visitor goal just as a social center of the western India.
Jaisalmer is the land of valorous fighters who preferred death to dishonor. Who fought to the last drop of their blood for their land and their women. Two noteworthy assets of Rajputs, valor and honor have been wonderfully preserved by the people of Jaisalmer. This land of courage and dignity is rich with its grand cultural heritage and the unique hospitality of the people here. Life in Jaisalmer is full of color and merriment. You will come across a kaleidoscopic prospect presented through their graceful traditional attire marked with bright colors, mirror work, embroidery and exclusive craftsmanship. The grandeur of architecture and the artistic ingenuity is evident in the imposing forts, Havelis, temples and other impressive monuments.
The very famous Desert Festival is celebrated for three days in January is the perfect occasion to peep into the glorious past and affluent traditional and cultural heritage of Jaisalmer. Folk dances and songs, traditional music, camel shows, adventure rides, different competitions and colorfully dressed people please every soul and offer deep insight into the rich cultural heritage of Jaisalmer.
Folk songs of Jaisalmer, especially the Bardic poetry describes the heroic stories of kings and queens. The ballads named ‘Raso’ that sing the sagas of the great deeds and valor of Rajput heroes are famous even today. The Rajasthani folk dances performed by women wearing colorful skirts decorated with embroidery and mirror work offer a real eye catching sight. Chari, Bhavai, Ghoomar, Ghair, Kacchi Ghodi, etc are traditional dance forms witnessed in Jaisalmer. It is all worth experience on Jaisalmer tour.
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