United Kingdom Travel Guide

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Introducing London

London is the capital city of both England and the United Kingdom (UK). It has a lot to offer to those who care to navigate in the right way – beyond the Buckingham Palace, the London Eye and the Madame Tussad’s Wax Museum. Of course these instantly recognizable and most famous landmarks, including the Big Ben and the Westminster Abbey to name a few others, form a captivating and historical narrative of the ancient city. But enhancing the architectural character further are modern additions such as The Shard and the Wembley Stadium. London offers densely packed urban centers as well as open vistas and serene landscapes with some amazing pubs and cafes, some by the picturesque River Thames. The tube, that is the city’s underground railway service, is the oldest in the world. The public transportation network here is considered to be one of the best in the world. From being home to Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre to becoming a major financial capital in the world – London has done it all.

 

Must Know Facts

Best Time to Visit

London has temperate maritime climate with moderate temperatures during most of the year. During summers, the average temperature is around 21–24°C. Winters can get really cold with average temperature ranging around 5–8 °C but London does not regularly witness a significant amount of snowfall. The busiest tourist season in London is during late spring and warm summer months, that is from May to September. During Christmas and year-end too there is a mad rush of tourists flocking the city to shop and enjoy the festive season.  It is ideal to book well in advance if you plan to go during these months and expect high prices and crowded tourist spots. From October to November and March to April are relatively slower tourist seasons where the weather can be unpredictable and unpleasant. January and February are usually not preferred as the temperatures fall too low and rainfall becomes frequent and heavy – if you don’t mind the weather, it is cheaper to visit London during this off season.  
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History & Culture

London is deeply soaked in history which can be seen in the antique buildings and landscapes. In the 17th century, London lost one-fifth of its population in the Great Plague and then the Great Fire of London caused massive destruction. Since then, the city has rebuilt itself and grown multifold. In terms of population, London is a city of multicultural people. Thousands of people came to London seeking work as a result of the Industrial Revolution. At the beginning of the 20th century immigrants from other European countries came and later people from Britain’s colonies settled in London. 

The city is a paradise for art and theatre enthusiasts. The British Museum is one of the oldest and largest museums in the world, housing more than seven million artifacts from across the world, across eras. The National Gallery houses a great selection of European paintings while the Tate Gallery has works of modern art. London’s theatres still perform the best renditions of the works of Shakespeare and the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden hosts big orchestras. As you look for a cultural dose in the city, it is always a great idea to visit neighborhoods rather than particular attractions to really enjoy the vibe of a place. And do it all while you walk (a lot!) and commute on a hop-on-hop-off bus – that’s indeed the best way to see London.

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Geography

London is situated on River Thames in the south of England and it is one of the most important urban centers in all of Europe. Geographically, the tidal river runs from East to South-West and is the most important feature of the city which cuts it into northern and southern halves. Built in the river basin, the city is on lowland and generally flat. It has been flooded several times and hence the Thames Barrier was built to protect the city. The West End of the city includes government district Westminster, shopping streets around Piccadilly Circus and Trafalgar Square, some famous cinemas, theatres and bars. The area to the south of the Thames River is a cultural hub with many concert halls, museums and theatres. Beautiful panoramas of London by the river can be seen from vast parks like Kew Gardens or structures like the Hampton Court Palace. 
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Places to visit in London

London Eye

London Eye

London