History & Culture in Penang Island

Before Penang got its government the island was the part of state of Kedah. Kedah was the most important Indian centre of influence and trade. In ancient texts Kedah is mentioned as the area which had first Malaysian establishments. Kedah somehow played an important role in the history of Malaysia and the Indian merchants first time came to Peninsular Malaysia before 1st century. 

The Indians brought their own religion and culture with them; this is how Hinduism and Buddhism were introduced in Penang. Around the ninth century Muslim traders from India and the Middle East set foot ashore Penang and whatever is left of the Malaysian peninsula. They were also mostly there for the operate to Southeast Asia. In contrast to the Indians (Buddhists and Hinduisms) and Chinese, the Muslims invested a great time in spreading the Islamic religion. The Islam spread rapidly in this region.

Penang attracts those who love arts and culture. It comprises many museums like Penang museum that is housed in the former fortress constructed by British. And as a multicultural destination a UNESCO world heritage site, it is difficult to define the culture of Penang in one word. They openly adopted local beliefs and practices, resulting in the unique culture that is solely their own. 

From rituals, cuisines and language to dressing the Peranakan Chinese have created fusion of cultures that stands as a true hallmark of Penang’s rich multi- cultural diversity. And yes Ramdan is a major event that occurs during the ninth month of Islamic calendar.

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